Putting a Stop to Shoulder-Tapping

August 19, 2009

Take time to educate your kids about the dangers of asking adults to buy alcohol for them….

A guy in his mid-20s pulls into a convenience store parking lot and is approached by two teenage girls, who nervously ask him to buy alcoholic lemonade for them. The man obliges, emerging from the store a few minutes later with a couple of six-packs he hands to the kids.

Unfortunately, the scene is all too real, because most kids who consume alcohol – about 30 percent of 8th-graders and nearly half of 11th-graders say they have in the past month, according to a survey of Oregon schoolchildren – get it from adults, who either knowingly or unknowingly supply it.

That makes underage drinking an adult problem, with adult solutions.

Maybe you’ve heard the terms. Sometimes it’s called “shoulder-tapping.” Other times it’s referred to as “Hey, mister.” Whatever the term, teens asking people, often strangers, older than 21 to buy alcohol for them is troubling. And organizations such as the Oregon Liquor Control Commission, the state agency that promotes responsible alcohol sales and service, and Oregon Partnership, a statewide nonprofit that works to end alcohol and other drug abuse, are seeking to prevent it.

For adolescents and teens, the mere act of drinking alcohol poses health and safety risks, from physical injuries to damage to the young, developing brain. And let’s face it: too many kids who drink do it to get drunk. In Oregon, one in every four 11th-graders say they have binged on alcohol in the past 30 days, consuming five or more drinks in a couple of hours.

Pile on top of that the potential dangers inherent when kids approach adults who are strangers and ask them to buy alcohol and the picture becomes even more alarming.

Consider one study of shoulder-tapping by University of Minnesota School of Public Health researchers, who found that almost 20 percent of young males were willing to purchase alcohol for underage youth when approached outside an alcohol establishment. The study, published in 2007, found that one in five young males older than 21 was willing to buy alcohol for youth who appeared to be underage when shoulder-tapped outside of a convenience or liquor store. In contrast, 8 percent of the general adult population entering alcohol establishments was willing to purchase alcohol. The odds of adults providing alcohol in urban areas were about nine times greater than in suburban areas.

Furnishing alcohol to a minor is illegal. In Oregon, a furnisher faces possible fines for a first violation of as much as $6,250 and up to one year in jail – penalties designed to deter and, ultimately, keep kids safe. That’s something we can all get behind.

In fact, all of us have a role in preventing youth alcohol use. For parents, one of the most effective steps to keep kids safe and alcohol free is to talk with them about the harms of drinking at a young age. Consider it an ongoing conversation rather than the big “drug talk.” Share the safety risks, from riding in a car with a teenage driver who has been drinking to alcohol-related injuries, and emphasize the compelling research that points to the fact that regular drinking can harm the developing brain. We simply know more today than we did in the past about the health risks when kids and alcohol mix.

And be clear about your rules and consequences. For example, establish a family rule against your child asking anyone to supply alcohol to them, and weave this rule into your “stranger danger” conversation. Many kids don’t realize how dangerous shoulder-tapping can be. That’s why it’s important to establish firm boundaries and monitor their behavior. Stress that, at their age, drinking is illegal, and adults who furnish it to youngsters are breaking the law.

If you suspect your son or daughter has shoulder-tapped, talk with them to determine whether it’s true. Take time to gather your emotions first, and if you confirm it’s happening, explore what’s behind their behavior by asking open-ended questions. It’s a prime opportunity to turn a negative situation into a learning opportunity.

Whether or not you’re a parent, consider taking the conversation about shoulder-tapping to a broader audience. The reality is that too many adolescents and teens drink, adults are complicit and it makes your neighborhood less safe. Talk with neighbors and parents about your concerns and work together to raise awareness about the problem. Seek out the manager or owner of the local convenience or grocery store, share your concerns and ask what steps they are taking to prevent it. Also, consider contacting a substance abuse prevention organization and/or the OLCC. The agency works with convenience, grocery and liquor store owners to prevent alcohol furnishing.

And keep a consistent eye out for shoulder-tapping around your community and the stores you frequent – a kind of broader Neighborhood Watch concept. Remember that an adult buyer can be a complete stranger in a store parking lot, or the person who lives down the block or in the nearby building complex that you see around from time to time.

Education, awareness and action are keys to drug prevention, and it starts with you.

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More Intoxicated Fans at Sporting Events?

August 18, 2009

A few of my friends who attended Seattle Mariners and Seahawks games recently made the observation that there seem to be more drunk,unruly fans.

 It’s not exactly something new they say, just a lot worse than in past years.

If you’re a sports fan, you’ve seen them: Obnoxious ticketholders with too much to drink hurling F-bombs right and left with a family of kids sitting two seats away.

This has been an issue with the NFL, where in some stadiums, fights and injuries are commonplace. “60 Minutes” aired a story last year about how season ticket holders were giving up their seats because they don’t want to subject their kids to drunk and unruly fans.

 But baseball? Hey, I guess there are enough fans at Safeco Field willing to shell out $7 for a beer or two or three or four or more. And maybe that’s why there isn’t enough incentive to prevent fans getting intoxicated: When you can charge that much for beer, why hold down sales?

 Here in Portland, the Trail Blazers do a great job of monitoring alcohol consumption, and I don’t think I’ve seen an intoxicated fan at one of the Blazer games in years.

And that’s the solution right there: Teams need to make it clear that they’re putting strict limits on beer sales, and that they have zero tolerance with drunk fans. And if enough fans – and sponsors – start griping about the ugly, un-family-like atmosphere at the games, management will start taking action.

 It’s called prevention.


Pressure on FDA to Ban Energy Drinks!

August 10, 2009

More on the danger of energy drinks, thanks to Join Together newsletter…..and OP pal, Jim Mosher.

Various state attorneys general and advocacy groups are calling for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Federal Trade Commission and the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau to ban caffeine-infused alcohol drinks from the market — or at a minimum add warning labels stating that combining caffeine and alcohol can cause health risks, the Wall Street Journal reported Aug. 3.

Drinks such as Joose, Liquid Charge and Four Loko combine malt liquor, vodka or other types of alcohol with caffeine and/or other stimulants. The drinks are particularly popular among younger consumers.

Over a recent 12-month period, Joose’s unit sales more than tripled to 1.3 million cases sold in convenience and drug stores in the U.S., according to Nielsen Co. Unit, a market-research company. Four Loko and Four Maxed also experienced an increase in their unit sales over a 12-month span.

Critics are concerned that manufacturers aren’t required to disclose the amount of caffeine in the drinks, and are urging the federal government to be more active in regulating the products.

Combining caffeine or other stimulants with alcoholic beverages is believed to keep users from feeling drunk, which could lead them to be make reckless choices such as driving while under the influence.

“It’s just a travesty that we can’t get the federal government’s attention on this,” said Jim Mosher, an alcohol-policy expert.

Redondo Beach, the maker of the drink Vicious Vodka, which combines vodka and caffeine, defended the company’s product. “Consumers have been mixing beverages which contain caffeine along with alcoholic beverages for many years — this is not a new trend,” said a company spokeswoman. “We are not aware of any proven health risks related to mixing reasonable amounts of caffeine with alcohol.”

The FDA said it is currently reviewing studies that look at the effects of combining caffeine and alcohol. The Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau said that it is keeping a close eye on how these drinks are marketed to make sure they are not being advertised as “stimulating” or “energizing.”